The antidepressive effect of the physical exercise correlates with increased levels of mature BDNF, and proBDNF proteolytic cleavage-related genes, p11 and tPA.

Clinical studies show an evident antidepressive effect of physical exercise and animal research corroborate such evidence. However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the antidepressive effect of exercise are not completely understood. Notwithstanding, it is known that exercise increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression in the hippocampus similarly to antidepressant drugs. BDNF is synthesized as a precursor molecule that undergoes a proteolytic cleavage to generate either a mature or a truncated isoform. Precursor and mature BDNF are assumed to elicit opposing biological effects in neuroplasticity. In the present study we investigated the effect of voluntary physical activity on precursor and mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels and on proBDNF cleavage related genes, p11 and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), as well as the antidepressive and cognitive effects of voluntary physical activity. Mice had access to mobile or locked running wheels for 28 days and were submitted to forced-swim, tail suspension and water maze tests. Their hippocampi were dissected and analyzed by Western blot and real time RT-PCR. Voluntary physical activity, but not locked wheel exposure, induced a robust increase in hippocampal mature BDNF protein levels, as well as in p11 and tPA mRNA expression; and also promoted antidepressive effects and improved learning, when compared with sedentary mice. On the other hand, there were no significant differences between any groups in the expression of precursor or truncated isoforms of BDNF. Our data suggest that the antidepressive effect of the physical exercise may depend, at least in part, on changes in BDNF post-translational processing.

Neuroscience2011 Apr 28,180.

Protein Name:pro-BDNF
Gene Name:BDNF


Recombinant Human ProBDNF
(CatNo. C077)

Recombinant Human precursor form of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/pro-BDNF produced in E. coli is a non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 2 X 229 amino acids as a homodimer with a molecular mass of 52 kD.

The precursor form of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (pro-BDNF) interacts preferentially with the pan-neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR) and vps10p domain-containing receptor sortilin and induces neuronal apoptosis, whereas mature BDNF selectively binds with high affinity to the TrkB kinase receptor and promotes the survival, growth and differentiation of neurons. As proneurotrophins and mature neurotrophins elicit opposite biological effects, Pro-BDNF cleavage in the neuronal system is regulated in a specific and cell-context dependent manner. Pro-BDNF plays important role in negative regulation of neurotrophic actions in the brain.